Significance resources

Significance Workshop reading list

The following information was developed for the Significance Assessment of Collections Workshops. Please feel free to use it to guide your reading in the area. Jump ahead to the section you are interested in by clicking on a title in the list of four blue headings below.

General references
Web resources
Other resources
Significance 2.0 Summary Card


General references

Appelbaum, B. 2007. Conservation Treatment Methodology. Butterworth-Heineman, Oxford, 437pp.

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers. 2007. ASHRAE Handbook - HVAC Applications. Chapter 21 – Museums, Galleries, Archives and Libraries: 1-23. (See notes below at Resources.)

Ashley-Smith, J. 1999. Risk assessment for object conservation. Butterworth-Heineman, Oxford, 358pp. 

Australia ICOMOS. 2013. The Burra Charter: the Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance. Australia International Council on Monuments and Sites, Melbourne. [.pdf download 2 MB] See also entry under Web Resources below. NEW September 2015

Australia ICOMOS. 2004. The Illustrated Burra Charter: the Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance. Australia International Council on Monuments and Sites, Melbourne.

Australia ICOMOS. 2004. Burra 25. Historic Environment. Vol. 18 (1).

Australian Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Material Inc., (AICCM) Code of Practice Suggested Amendments in AICCM Newsletter, September 2000, insert [.pdf download] NEW September 2015 See also entry at Web Resources below for resulting 2002 Code of Practice - all suggested amendments were adopted.

Australian Vice-Chancellors' Committee. 1996. 'Guidelines for a university museums and collections policy', Cinderella collections: university museums & collections in Australia : the report of the University Museums Review Committee, University Museums Review Committee, Canberra: 205-211 (Appendix 8f). [.pdf download 2.3MB]. NEW November 2015

Baer, N.S. 2001. Risk management, value and decision-making. The Paper Conservator. Vol. 25: 53-58.

Bullock, V.M. 2012. The Marriage of Risk Assessment and Significance Assessment: challenges and opportunities. Guest edited by Robert Waller 'The International Symposium on Cultural Property Risk Analysis', a focus issue of Collections: A Journal for Museum and Archives Professionals, Vol. 8(4), Fall, pp. 307-322.

Bullock, V.M. 2011. Collections Management: its value as a unifying concept. Preprints of the International Council of Museums - Conservation Committee (ICOM-CC) 16th Triennial Conference, Lisbon, Portugal, 19-23 September. Available through: http://www.criterio.biz/icom-cc-preprints-2011/ 

Bullock, V. and M. Birtley. 2008. Will Collections Vanish in the Urge to Converge? Observations on convergent evolution in the collections sector. Archives and Manuscripts. Vol. 36 (2), November, 128-147.

Caple, C. 2006. Objects: reluctant witnesses to the past. Routledge, Oxford.

Carver, M. 1996. On archaeological value. Antiquity. Vol. 70. (267): 45-56.

Commonwealth of Australia. 2001. Significance: a guide to assessing the significance of cultural heritage objects and collections, Canberra. [.pdf download 2.4 MB]

Commonwealth of Australia. 1995. National Conservation and Preservation Policy for Movable Cultural Heritage. Cultural Ministers Council, Heritage Collections Committee, Canberra. [pdf download 1.4MB] 

Commonwealth of Australia. 1998. National Conservation and Preservation Policy and Strategy: Australia's Heritage Collections. Cultural Ministers Council, Heritage Collections Council, Canberra. [.pdf download 3.9 MB]

Conole, L. and M. Hallett. 1992. Hands On, Hands Off? A Key Guide for Decision Makers in Conole, L., M. Hallett., and A. Grant. 1992 Heritage Artefacts: Activating Heritage Artefacts - the conservation and safety issues. A one-day seminar, 16 November 1992. Scienceworks, Spotswood, Victoria. [.pdf download] NEW September 2015

Cunningham, A. 2006. Talking with the Taxman about Poetry: the NAA's experiences with consultation on Macro-appraisal. Powerpoint presentation to the Australian Society of Archivists Conference, October, Port Macquarie, New South Wales. National Archives of Australia. [.pdf download] See also entries from Cunningham and the National Archives of Australia below in Web Resources NEW September 2015

Curthoys, A. and A. McGrath. 2009. How to write history that people want to read. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney. 

Ford, B. and Smith, N. 2011. The development of a significance-based lighting framework at the National Museum of Australia. AICCM Bulletin. Vol 32: 80-86. [.pdf downloadNEW September 2015

Harrison, R. 2013. Forgetting to remember, remembering to forget: late modern heritage practices, sustainability and the 'crisis' of accumulation of the past. Paper presented to the inaugural Conference of the Association for Critical Heritage Studies, Gothenburg, Sweden, June 2012. International Journal of Heritage Studies. Vol. 19 (6). NEW September 2015

Hillhouse, S. 2004. Collections Management: a practical guide. Collections Trust, London.

Hodkinson, I.S. 1990 Man's effect on paintings. In Shared Responsibility: a seminar for curators and conservators. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa: 54-68.  [.pdf download 5.0 MB]. Contains 'Significance in Paintings' figure.

Hummeln, I. an D. Sillé. 1999. The decision-making model for the Conservation and Restoration of Modern and Contemporary Art. In I. Hummeln and D. Sille (eds) Modern Art: Who Cares? An interdisciplinary research project and an international symposium on the conservation of modern and contemporary art. Archetype Publications: 164-172.

Keyser, B. 1994. Saving the Significance. Museum Management and Curatorship. Vol. 13: 130-159.

Lipe, W.D. 1984. Value and meaning in cultural resources. In H. Cleere (ed.) Approaches to the Archaeological Heritage, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 1-11.

Mason, R. 2004. Fixing Historic Preservation: A Constructive Critique of "Significance". Places. Vol 16(1): 64-71. [.pdf download] NEW September 2015

Michalski, S. 1990. Time's effect on paintings. In Shared Responsibility: a seminar for curators and conservators. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa: 39-53.  [.pdf download] NEW September 2015

Museums and Galleries New South Wales. 2006. Rethinking the Collection - MGnsw Collection Policy Template. Sydney. [.pdf download] NEW September 2015

Museums and Galleries New South Wales. 2006. Rethinking the Collection - MGnsw Collection Policy Template Explanatory Notes, Sydney. [.pdf download] NEW September 2015

Myers, D. 2002. Exploring the Concepts of Significance and Value as Tools in the Management of Heritage Places. Outline of presentation to the Association of American Geographers Annual Conference, April 2002, Los Angeles. The Getty Conservation Institute. [.pdf download] NEW September 2015

Pearson, C. 1982. Code of Ethics and Guidance for Conservation Practice. AICCM Bulletin. Vol. 8 (1&2): 2-25. Note Appendix example of Powerhouse Museum Collection Policy by David Hill, highlighting the role of significance in conservation decision-making, in contrast to the two international examples in the other appendices. [.pdf download. Note: despite appearances all content is present in this .pdf] NEW September 2015

Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. 2014. Assessing Museum Collections. Amsterdam. [.pdf download 4.0 MB] NEW September 2015

Schiffer, M.B. 1977. Assessing Significance. In M.B. Schiffer and G.J. Gumerman. Conservation Archaeology: a guide for Cultural Resource Management Studies. Academic Press, New York: 239-247.

Scott, M. and C. Smith. 2009. Ethics and Practice: Australian and New Zealand Conservation Contexts. In Conservation Principles, Dilemmas and Uncomfortable Truths. Butterworths Heineman and the Victoria and Albert Museum, London: 184-196.

Simpson, S. 2015. Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986 Review. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra. Position Paper [.pdf download 5 MB] and Overview [.pdf download]. See also entry below under Web Resources. NEW September 2015   Recommends use of Significance 2.0.

Tainter, J.A. and G.J. Lucas. 1983. Epistemology of the significance concept. American Antiquity. Vol. 48(4): 707-719.

Veale, S. and R. Freestone. 2012. The Things We Wanted To Keep: The Commonwealth and the National Estate 1969-1974. Historic Environment. Vol. 24, No. 3, 2012: 12-18. NEW September 2015

Wain, A. 2012. Size Matters: Seeing the Values in Large Technology Heritage [.pdf download 3.0 MB]. PhD. Australian National University. NEW September 2015

Waller, R.R. 2003. Table 3.2-1 'Examples of kinds of values'. In Cultural Property Risk Analysis Model: development and application to preventive conservation at the Canadian Museum of Nature. Goteborg Studies in Conservation 13. [.pdf download] NEW September 2105

Warden, J. 2009. The Level of Significance 2.0. Museums Australia Magazine. Vol. 18(2). December: 22-23.



Web resources

Australia ICOMOS. 2013. The Burra Charter: the Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance. Australia International Council on Monuments and Sites. Melbourne: http://australia.icomos.org/wp-content/uploads/The-Burra-Charter-2013-Adopted-31.10.2013.pdf

Australian Heritage Council. Australian Historic Themes Framework:
http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/ahc/publications/commission/books/australian-historic-themes.html

Australian Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Material Inc (AICCM)., 2002 Code of Ethics and Code of Practice. Note changes in emphasis, including adjusting conservation treatment solutions in line with significance (CoP Item 4), environmental resources, and Indigenous matters (CoP Item 5) from earlier version. See also entry above under General References for the AICCM. NEW September 2015

Australian Memory of the World Program (uses Significance (2001) [.pdf download 2.4 MB] criteria): http://www.amw.org.au/. See also entry below under 'UNESCO Memory of the World Programme'

Australian National Data Service. Research Data Australia:
http://researchdata.ands.org.au

Bullock, V.M. 2014. A survey of significance assessment methods and tools. Essays from the Museum Collections' Value Assessment Institute. Ibermuseus Seminar, Bogota, Colombia, 2012. pp. 374-387: http://www.significanceinternational.com/Portals/0/Documents/IbermuseusCollectionsValueInstituteEssays_2012.pdf

Commonwealth of Australia. 2009. Review of the Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986 and Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Regulations 1987: Report of Public Consultation. Canberra. 152pp. Recommends use of Significance 2.0 at Recommendation 12.
http://arts.gov.au/topics/public-consultations/submissions/review-pmch-legislation/report-outcomes-review

Community Heritage Grant Program: https://www.nla.gov.au/awards-and-grants/chg

Cunningham, A. 2014. In Pursuit of a National Documentation Strategy and a National Archival System. Recordkeeping Roundtable online discussion group: http://rkroundtable.org/2014/06/30/eternity-revisited-in-pursuit-of-a-national-documentation-strategy-and-a-national-archival-system/. See also entry under Cunningham in General References for a 2006 offering on national approaches (from the perspective of 'macro-appraisal'), and entry below from the National Archives of Australia. NEW September 2015

de Beyer, M. and Takke, J. 2012. Guidelines on Ways of Dealing with Religious Objects. Museum Catherijnconvent, Utrecht: http://religieuserfgoed.nl/assets/Uploads/Guidelines-on-Ways-of-Dealing-with-Religious-Objects-1.1.pdf  NEW September 2015

English Heritage. Conservation Principles, Policies and Guidance for the Sustainable Management of the Historic Environment:
http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/professional/advice/conservation-principles/ConservationPrinciples/ [malfunctioning link noted May 2014]

Getty Conservation Institute. 1998-2005. Research on the values of heritage:
http://www.getty.edu/conservation/our_projects/field_projects/values/

Hamburg, D. 2008. Safeguarding Heritage Assets: The Library of Congress Planning Framework for Preservation (Chapter 7 in The Big Picture: Preservation Strategies in Context. Library of Congress, Washington: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1300/J111v38n01_08#.VM2qd3bPvQ4

Heritage Victoria. N.D. Significance Assessments of Objects and Collections (Community Collections):
http://www.dpcd.vic.gov.au/heritage/heritage-places-and-objects/objects-and-collections-about. See also Requirements [.pdf download].

Leiboff, J.M. 2004. Reconstructing the Role of Cultural Significance in the Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986 (Cth). PhD. Griffith University: https://www120.secure.griffith.edu.au/rch/items/5111dfd6-122c-f85f-b159-ca98b8ce2601/1/

National Archives of Australia. What We Keep: Principles for Selecting the Australian Government's National Archives: http://www.naa.gov.au/records-management/publications/what-we-keep/index.aspx. Viewed 30 September 2015. Note the use of significance criteria particularly under 'Selection Principles' at 3. NEW September 2015

National Standards Taskforce. National Standards for Australian Museums and Galleries, v 1.4, October 2014:
http://www.magsq.com.au/cms/page.asp?ID=5426

New South Wales Heritage Office. 2001. Assessing Heritage Significance (scroll down):
http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/Heritage/publications/index.htm

Renaissance East Midlands. 2012. Reviewing Significance 2.0 (N.B. this publication is not related to the 2009 published Australian Significance 2.0):
http://www.collectionstrust.org.uk/shop/item/1196-reviewing-significance-2-0

Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. 2014. Assessing Museum Collections, Amsterdam: http://cultureelerfgoed.nl/publicaties/assessing-museum-collections NEW September 2015

Russell, R. and K. Winkworth. 2009. Significance 2.0: a guide to assessing the significance of collections:
http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/publications/significance2-0/; or Significance 2.0 [.pdf download 3.8 MB]

Significance 2.0 project history: http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/56747/20110418-0000/www.collectionscouncil.com.au/significance+second+edition.html [archived website means two click through's may be necessary] NEW September 2015

Significance 2.0 commissioned paper on behalf of archives (Council of Australasian Archives and Records Authorities CAARA) by Karen Anderson 'The archives industry perspectives on Significance as a collections management tool': http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/56747/20110418-0000/www.collectionscouncil.com.au/articles84dd.html?articleType=ArticleView&articleId=79 [archived website means two click through's may be necessary; or .pdf download] NEW September 2015

Significance 2.0 commissioned paper on behalf of libraries by Margy Burn (National and State Libraries Australia NSLA) 'Significance and libraries': http://pandora.nla.gov.au/pan/56747/20110418-0000/www.collectionscouncil.com.au/articles6a15.html?articleType=ArticleView&articleId=80
[archived website means two click through's may be necessary; or .pdf download] NEW September 2015

Simpson, S. 2015. Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986 Review Project, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra: http://arts.gov.au/topics/public-consultations/review-protection-movable-cultural-heritage-act. See also downloadable documents above in General References. NEW September 2015

UNESCO Memory of the World Programme (uses original criteria designed in Australia (prior to updating in Significance (2001) [.pdf download 2.4 MB]): http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/flagship-project-activities/memory-of-the-world/homepage/




Other resources

National Standards Taskforce. 2013. National Standards for Australian Museums and Galleries. Version 1.4. October. Available here [download]

This publication comprises three parts: 

Part A - Managing the museum

Part B - Involving people

Part C - Developing a significant collection. Part C is supported by two Principles and 42 Benchmarks. Many tips and references are cited.

 

Significance 2.0 Summary Card

Click here to access the artwork (.pdf 77 kB) for the Significance International version of the Significance 2.0 Summary Card, and print off as many as you like!